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Posts Tagged ‘Eulalia’

Did you know that there are actually not one but two words for fear of Friday the Thirteenth? Friggatriskaidekaphobia combines Frigga — a Greekified form of Frigg, used to represent Friday (the day named after her) — with triskaideka “thirteen” and phobia, while paraskevidekatriaphobia combines paraskevi “Friday” with dekatria “thirteen” and phobia.

Useful nuggets which might come in handy if you happen to have a pub quiz lined up for tonight…

If you dare…

Superstitions surrounding Friday the Thirteenth only seem to date back to the nineteenth century.

The Friday bit is easily understood; Fridays have been considered ill-omened  in general since the Middle Ages because of the Christian belief that Jesus was cruxified on a Friday.

As for the number 13, that’s also had a bad press for centuries. In many cultures and periods, the number 12 represented completion. Countless things come in groups of twelve, from Christian apostles to Olympian Gods, old pennies in a shilling to the twelve days of Jól/Christmas, Labors of Heracles to the signs of the Zodiac. The list goes on and on.

Thirteen, therefore, early acquired a reputation for being aberrant, imperfect (even though it’s a prime number), corruption, rebellion — bad luck.

The old Norse belief that if thirteen sat down to dinner, the first to rise will die lingers to this day so much so that at the Savoy in London, they have a wooden cat called Kaspar who joins the table to make the number up to fourteen and thus ward off the bad luck.

So, what to do about it, if you subscribe to the belief that Thirteens that fall on Fridays are unlucky? Especially, if your baby is due or arrives on one?

Well, there are many ways to ward off bad luck generally, without resorting to the Pagan Roman method of dealing with inauspicious days, which basically involved bolting all the doors and windows and staying in bed!

Chief among them is simply stay positive. Like attracts like. If you’re positive, you’ll attract good things and good fortune, if you’re negative, the negative will come. Simples.

When it comes to names for a Friday the Thirteenth baby, balance out the potential “bad luck” by chosing a name with as positive meanings and associations as you can.

Lots of happy, cheerful names to “cancel out” the day’s negativity can be found in my post, Io, Saturnalia.

Other names with strong associations with good luck include:

  • Avedis ♂ — Armenian: “good news.”
  • Ayman ♂ — Arabic: “right-handed,” “lucky.”
  • Behrooz ♂ — Persian: “fortunate.”
  • Bonaventura ♂ — Italian: “good luck.”
  • Bonaventure ♂ — English and French form of BONAVENTURE.
  • Boniface ♂ — from Latin bonum “good”+ fatum “fate.”
  • Chance ♂ ♀
  • Dalia ♀ — Lithuanian: “luck.” The name of the Lithuanian Goddess of fate, childbirth and weaving.
  • Daria ♀ — feminine of DARIUS.
  • Darius ♂ — Latin form of Greek Dareios, the Hellenized version of the actual Old Persian name: Dārayavahush < dāraya “to hold” and “to possess” + vahu “good.”
  • Euclid ♀ — Greek: “good-glory.”
  • Eudoxia ♀ — Greek: “good-fame.”
  • Eulalia ♀ — Greek: “good-talking”
  • Eunice ♀ — Greek: “good-victory.”
  • Euphemia ♀ — Greek: “good-speaking” (in the ancient world, the link between saying the right thing in a ritual and its ultimate success was considered very important).
  • Euphrasia ♀ — Greek: “good-cheer.”
  • Eydís ♀ — Icelandic: “fortune-goddess.”
  • Eysteinn ♂ — Icelandic: “fortune-stone.”
  • Fatmir ♂ — Albanian: “lucky.”
  • Faustina ♀ — feminine form of FAUSTUS.
  • Faustus ♂ — Latin: “lucky.”
  • Felicia ♀ — a medieval feminine form of Felix.
  • Fortuna ♀ — Latin: “good fortune;” the Roman Goddess of good luck.
  • Fortunata ♀ — feminine form of FORTUNATUS.
  • Fortunatus ♂ — Latin: “happy,” “lucky.”
  • Fortune ♀ ♂
  • Gad — Hebrew: “fortune.”
  • Ganesh — the Hindu God of good fortune.
  • Gluke — Yiddish: “good luck.”
  • Kalden ♂ ♀ — Tibetan: “auspicious.”
  • Kichiro — Japanese: “good luck son.”
  • Kreszenz — German form of Crescentia, from crescens “growing.” Considered an auspicious name in Germany, bestowing good health on the bearer.
  • Laima — Lithuanian: “luck.” Lithuanian Goddess of good luck and childbirth.
  • Lakshman — Sanskrit: “bearing auspicious marks.” Rama’s brother.
  • Lakshmi — Sanskrit: “sign.” Hindu Goddess of good fortune.
  • Luck ♂ ♀
  • Lucky ♂ ♀
  • Lykke ♀ — Danish: “good luck,” “happiness.”
  • Masood ♂ — Arabic: “lucky.”
  • Monifa ♀ — Yoruba: “I am lucky.”
  • Nashira ♀ — Arabic: “good news.” Considered a lucky name in Arab lands.
  • Navid ♂ — Persian: “good news.”
  • Onni ♂ — Finnish: “good luck.”
  • Prosper ♂ — Latin: “fortunate,” “lucky,” and “prosperous.”
  • Prospera ♀ — feminine form of PROSPER.
  • Prospero ♂ — Italian form of PROSPER.
  • Sa’adat ♀ — feminine of SA’D.
  • Sa’d, Sa’id ♂ — Arabic: “luck.”
  • Sa’di ♂ — Arabic: “lucky.”
  • Sa’dia ♀ — feminine of SA’DI.
  • Sa’ida ♀ — feminine of SA’ID.
  • Samnang ♂ ♀ — Khmer: “lucky.”
  • Shreya ♀ — Sanskrit: “lucky.”
  • Sina ♀ — Portuguese: “destiny,” “fortune,” “fate.”
  • Srečko ♂ — Slavic: “luck.”
  • Szczęsny ♂ — Polish “luck,” “fortune.”
  • Tawfiq ♂  — Arabic: “good fortune.”
  • Tomiko ♀ — Japanese: “fortune child.”
  • Tyche ♀ — Greek: “fortune.”
  • Tycho ♂ — Greek: “fortune.”
  • Uğur ♂ — Turkish: “good omen.”
  • Veasna ♂ — Khmer: “good fortune.”
  • Xiang ♂ ♀ — Chinese: “lucky.”
  • Yoshi ♂ ♀ — Japanese: “good luck.”
  • Yoshiko ♀ — Japanese: “good luck child.”
  • Zenzi ♀ — short form of KRESZENZ.
  • Zorion ♂ — Basque: “fortune,” “good luck.”

There, lots of positive energy. Who’s afraid of Friday the Thirteenth? 😉

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Os is yet another Rune which ended up interpreted  in different ways in the medieval period.

The form it takes in the various alphabets is as follows:

The Eldar Futhark has been reconstructed as *Ansuz “(a) God; this is the forerunner of the Anglo-Frisian Ós, Macromannic Óss and Younger Futhark Áss. So far so God — sorry, good.

However, in Old English os meant “mouth” while óss also carried the meaning “estuary.”

Hence this rune’s slightly bizarre duality exhibited in the ancient rune poems.

In one, its divinity is stressed.

In another, where the meaning “mouth” is understand, stress is placed on the mouth as the vehicle of language, and therefore of the transmission of wisdom, joy and happiness.

Lastly, the word is interpreted as meaning “estuary,” and thoughts turn on estuaries as places where journeys inland begin — with a curious comparison of swords and scabbards. Both rather carry the understanding of journeying inward, and returning home.

To those who use the runes today, one of Os’s principal associations is with the notion of journeying inward in order to communicate with the Divine within.

Estauries and Gods aren’t quite such separate entities as might initially be thought…

Emphasis is also placed on Os as a symbol of communication.

With the excpetion of Áss, I think Ansuz, Os and Oss all have interesting name potential. But there are many other interesting options to incorporate the spirit of this rune.

Hundreds — if not thousands — of names include an element meaning ” a God.”

  1. The Hebrew el — usually translated as “God” (i.e. the Judeo-Christian one) — originally meant “a God” and there’s no reason not to interpret it that way still. Among this vast source of names are well-known favorites such as Daniel, Elijah, Gabriel, Joel, Michael, Nathaniel and Samuel  as well as biblical oldies which are increasingly dug out of the grandfather’s chest, such as Eleazar, Elihu, Lemuel, Ozias, Raphael, and Reuel, and rarities like Abdiel, Gamaliel, Jophiel, Mahalalel, Mehetabel, Othniel and Uriel.
  2. The Greek theos also meant “a God” rather than “God” in Pagan times. Names which feature it include well-known classics such as Dorothy, Thea, Theo, Theodora, Theodore, Theophilus, Tiffany, Timothy, and lesser known glories such as Panthea, Theano, Theoclea, Theona and Theoxena.
  3. Likewise, the Roman deus was used in Pagan times to mean “a God” and “God” from the Christian period. Names which feature it include Amadeus and Deodatus.
  4. The Sanskrit dev “a God” is also cognate withtheos and deus. In India, Dev (feminine: Devi) is used as a name in its own right, as well as featuring in compounds like Devdan and Devdas.
  5. Old English god “a God” originally, as well as “God”, just like all the others. Names which feature it include Godbert, Godfrey, Godiva, Godric, Godwin and Goodeth.
  6. Our feature Os was also popular in Anglo-Saxon names: Osbert, Osborn, Osgar, Osmund, Oswin and Osyth.
  7. Its Norse cognate Áss was equally popular: Ásbjorn, Ásgeirr, Ásketil and Astrid.

As for the Rune’s other associations, here ‘s just a small selection of other options:

  • Benedict ♂ — Latin bene “well” and dico “to speak”; usually translated as “blessed.” Fem: Benedicta.
  • Campbell ♂ ♀ — Anglicized form of the Gaelic Caimbeul “crooked mouth.”
  • Cato ♂ — Latin catus “wise” and “clear-sighted.”
  • Enigma ♀ — the origin of “enigma” is the Greek ainissomai “to speak in riddles.”
  • Eulalia ♀ — a name of Greek origin, meaning “sweetly-speaking.”
  • Fatua ♀ — the name of a Roman Goddess; her name means “speaking by inspiration” from fatuor “to be inspired.”
  • Frodo ♂ — Old Norse fróðr “wise.”
  • Geneva ♀ — the name of this Swiss city may derive from a Common Celtic word meaning “mouth” and “estuary.” The Italian city of Genoa may share the same source.
  • Keen ♂ ♀ — in the eleventh century, keen meant “wise,” “learned,” “powerful” and “strong.”
  • Metis ♀ — one of the Titans, Goddess of wisdom, and mother of Athena. Greek: mêtis “good advice” and “widsom.”
  • Ninkasi ♀ — the Sumerian Goddess of beer and brewing; her name means “the lady [who] fills the mouth up.”
  • Panya ♀ — Thai name meaning “knowledge” and “widsom.”
  • Phineas, Phinehas ♂ — one interpretation of this ancient name derives it from the Hebrew for “mouth” and either “serpent” or “oracle.”
  • Prophecy ♀ ♂ — derives from the Greek: prophêteia “prophecy” from pro “before” + -phêtês “speaker.”
  • Sage ♀ ♂ — “sage” meaning “wise” derives ultimately from the Latin sapio “to be wise.”
  • Snotra ♀ — the Norse Goddess of Wisdom; Old Norse snotr “wise.”
  • Sophia, Sophie ♀ — Greek sophia “wisdom.” 
  • Sophocles ♂ — a famous Greek playwright, whose name means “wise-glory.”
  • Yeshe ♂ ♀ — Tibetan name meaning “wisdom.”
  • Zaqar ♂ — the Mesopotamian God of dreams, and messenger of the moon-God Sin; his name comes from the Akkadian for “to speak.”

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For the last month, I have been in France — for much of that time, in Provence.

It is a region with a much deserved reputation for spectacular scenery and picturesque villages. In the region where we stayed, these clung as though by magic to impossibly steep hillsides gazing idly down dramatic gorges, draped in pines, evergreen oaks, olives and vines.

It is also an exceedingly historic region, always set a bit apart from the rest of France. Once, the people didn’t even spoke French, but Provençal, a dialect of Occitan — a language closer to Catalan than to French — although Provençal is sometimes used to refer to Occitan in general, and the langue d’Oc of medieval troubadours.

Unsurprisingly, it has a whole collection of names and variants of names unique to the region.

And it was in Provence that names like Isabella and Eleanor first arose.

During our stay, I kept my ears open, but was disappointed that, by and large, the names I encountered — particularly among the children — were little different to the rest of France. The fashion in France at present is for names of foreign origin, and the favored region for more unusual native monikers is Brittany.

But we did encounter some, especially among my own generation.

I love the fact so many Provençal girls names end in -o; it makes a refreshing change, and is very contemporary.

Here is a selection of my personal favorites. Some, like Zouè, are relatively recent — others, like Azalaïs, are medieval.

GIRLS:

  • AgatoAgatha
  • Aïs — diminutive of ANAÏS and/or ALAÏS
  • AlaïsAlice (features in Kate Mosse’s 2005 novel Labyrinth); ultimately from Adelaide
  • AlienorEleanor
  • Anaïs — in Provence, used as a form of Anne or Agnes — not actually found prior to the nineteenth century
  • Anetoun — a double diminutive form of Ano (Anne)
  • AzalaïsAdelaide (Alice)
  • Babeleto — diminutive of Eisabèu/Isabèu (Elizabeth/Isabella)
  • BergidoBirgitte
  • Bielo — diminutive of Gabrielo (Gabrielle)
  • BregidoBridget
  • CelinoCeline
  • Chantaloun — diminutive of French Chantal
  • Clareto, Claroun — diminutives of Claro
  • ClaroClare/Claire
  • CloutildouClotilda
  • Delaïdo — diminutive of Adelaïdo (Adelaide)
  • Eliso — diminutive of French Élisabeth (Elizabeth)
  • EstefanoStephanie
  • Fanfan — probably a diminutive of ESTEFANO. Made fairly well-known (at least in France) by the 1952 film Fanfan la tulipe (remade in 2003) — in which Fanfan is a man — and Alexandre Jardin’s 1985 novel Fanfan, filmed in 1993.
  • Fino — diminutive of Delfino (Delphine) and/or JÒUSEFINO
  • FlourFlora/Fleur
  • GlaudioClaudia
  • IoulandoYolande
  • Janetoun — double diminutive of Jano (Jane/Jeanne)
  • JòusefinoJosephine (the name of our villa’s housekeeper!)
  • Jóuselet — variant/diminutive of JÒUSEFINO
  • Laïdo — diminutive of DELAÏDO
  • Lali, Lalìo — diminutives of Eulalìo (Eulalia/Eulalie)
  • Laloun — diminutive of LALI
  • Lìo — diminutive of names ending in -lìo, such as Eulalìo (Eulalia/Eulalie), Natalìo (Natalie), Rosalìo (Rosalie)
  • Lisoun — diminutive of ELISO
  • Lodi, Loudi — diminutive of Eloudìo (Elodie)
  • Madaloun — diminutive of Madaleno (Madeline)
  • Magali, Magari — probably Magaret, but possibly a variant of Madaleno (Madeline — from the original Magdalene)
  • Maïoun — diminutive of Marìo (Mary/Marie)
  • Marioun — diminutive of Marìo (Mary/Marie)
  • MelioEmilia
  • Mirèio — coined by the poet Frederic Mistral for his poem Mirèio (1859). From the Occitan mirar “to admire.”
  • Naïs — diminutive of ANAÏS
  • Ninoun — pet-form of Catarino (Katherine)
  • Rieto — pet-form of Enrieto (Henrietta)
  • RosoRose
  • SoufioSophia/Sophie
  • SoulanjoSolange
  • Talìo — diminutive of Natalìo (Natalie)
  • Teldou, Tildeto — diminutives of names containing –tild– or –teld-, like CLOUTILDOU
  • VitòriVictoria
  • ValorìValeria/Valerie
  • Zeto, Zetou — diminutives of JÒUSEFINO
  • Zouè Zoe

BOYS:

  • Amiel – said to be the Provençal form of French Emile
  • AudouardEdward
  • BartoumiéuBartholomew
  • BerenguiéBerenger
  • Calendau — from the Latin kalends, used of the first day of a month and, in Provence, for Christmas Day.  The hero of Mistral’s poem Calendau (1867)
  • CharleCharles
  • Charloun — diminutive of CHARLE
  • Ciprianet — diminutive of Ciprian (Cyprian)
  • DàviDavid
  • Deri — diminutive of Frederi/Federi (Frederick)
  • Dovi — dimunituve of Ludovi (Ludovick/Louis)
  • Estève, EstièneStephen
  • GabrieùGabriel
  • Glaude, GlàudiClaude, Claudius
  • JaufretGeoffrey
  • Jaume James
  • JòrgiGeorge
  • LuLuke
  • Luquet — pet-form of LU
  • Maïus — curious name of uncertain origin. In use in Provence since at least the late nineteenth century. Possibly conceived as a masculine form of MAÏOUN.
  • MasMax
  • MiquèuMichael
  • OuliviéOliver
  • PascauPascal
  • PèirePeter/Pierre
  • Pierroun — diminutive of French Pierre
  • RafèuRaphael
  • RoubinRobin (yes, the English Robin — one of the foreign names embraced by the French in the twentieth century)
  • Savié — probably Xavier, but possibly Savior (best known as a name in the Spanish form Salvador)
  • SilvanSilvanus
  • SimounSimon
  • TeoudorTheodore
  • Titoù – Either Titus or a diminutive of Batit (Baptist)
  • Titoun — diminutive of TITOÙ
  • ToumasThomas
  • Ugue, UguesHugh
  • VincènVincent
  • VitourVictor
  • Zavié — variant of SAVIÉ
  • — diminutive of Joùseù (Joseph)

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